For a comprehensive Hue overview, it is essential to trace the growth of the city from its very beginning to what it has become today, along with many additions that have taken place, as it evolved over a course of many years, leaving a mark on the pages of Vietnam's history. Hue was the capital of Vietnam during the feudal rule from 1802 to 1945 under the Nguyen dynasty and subsequently the centre of architectural evolution of the era. Not surprisingly, it is known for the magnificent architecture of its citadels, palaces, royal tombs, pagodas and temples juxtaposed against a lush scenic background of greenery on the banks of the Perfume River, inspiring many poetries and eulogies for their spellbinding beauty.
The various structures that are a hallmark of the ancient architecture of the land are laid out in harmony with nature and in accordance with the principles of geomancy (feng shui). Apart from its splendid monuments that are a fond reminder of the past glory of the city, the ancient traditions and practices of the people of Hue are still an innate part of the modern day life today. One can get a vivid glimpse of the cultural traditions of Hue, as passed down from generations, in their daily routines and activities in religion, gastronomy, handicraft, music, the performing arts and traditional festivals.
It is due to these cultural treasures and vestiges that Hue became Vietnam's first World Cultural Heritage site recognized by UNESCO in 1993.
Hue is known for its beautiful imperial architecture and wonderful natural beauty. The Perfume River is the border between the city itself and the previous 'Forbidden Purple City', the Citadel. Even though, Hue faced continual damages from natural disasters and wars, one can still see the proof of its previous magnificence. Hue is the only city in Vietnam that still has the integral manifestation of a complex of the monarchic capital comprising of walls, palaces, and royal tombs. Therefore, in terms of history and heritage, Hue is one of Vietnam's most valued national treasures and a house of several magnificent Hue Tourist Attractions.
Some must-visit sites in Hue that lend it its characteristic charm are:
- Imperial citadel
- Museum of Royal Relics
- Royal tombs
- King Tu Duc's Tomb
- King Khai Dinh's Tomb
- King Minh Mang's Tomb
- Dong Ba Market
- Thien Mu Pagoda
- Garden houses
- Perfume River
- Hai Van Pass
- Bach Ma National Park
Best time to visit
The climate in Hue differs in different regions. The weather in the Northern fronts does not match the characteristics of that of the southern tip of the country. The basic climate of the place is harsh and differs between the provinces of the city. So you can make a trip to the place at any time.
Tips for travelers
In Hue, no inoculations are necessary except for yellow fever if you are reaching this city from an area where the disease is present. However, here visitors should be vaccinated against cholera, hepatitis A & B, typhoid, tetanus and polio. Malaria is present in most of the region and it is advisable to take safety measures.
Besides, the city also provides a list of emergency numbers, which you can use in case of any help or emergency. Hue city like other Vietnam cities has some etiquette and behavior tradition, which you must during your stay in the city.